Types of Diabetes

types of diabetes

There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. For more information about the different types of diabetes, please scroll down the page or click on the links below.

  1. Type 1 Diabetes
  2. Type 2 Diabetes
  3. Gestational Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. In this type of diabetes the pancreas produces little or no insulin. People with Type 1 Diabetes must take insulin to survive. At this time the cause of Type 1 Diabetes is still unknown.

Why is Insulin Important?
Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Only 5 to 10% of people with diabetes have type 1. With the help of insulin therapy and education, even young children with type 1 diabetes can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy, and happy lives. (American Diabetes Association)

Some symptoms of type 1 diabetes may include:

  • Rapid weight loss without dieting
  • Feeling very thirsty, dry mouth
  • Feeling tired or weak
  • Excessive urination
  • Stomach pain, nausea/vomiting
  • Fruity, sweet smell in breath
  • Heavy labored breathing
  • Confusion

Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes affects the way your body breaks down sugar (glucose), your body's main source of fuel. Type 2 diabetes, which is far more common, occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't make enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes is common and has grown into epidemic levels. It is more common in people who are overweight and do not get enough physical activity.

There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you can manage or even prevent the condition. Start by eating healthy foods, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough, you may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy to manage your blood sugar.

Some symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:

  • Feeling very thirsty, dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss without dieting
  • Fatigue or feeling more tired than usual
  • Blurry vision
  • Dark pigmentation around neck (acanthosis nigricans)

Gestational Diabetes

What is Gestational Diabetes?
Gestational (jes-TAY-shun-ul) diabetes is a type of diabetes that can happen during pregnancy. It means you have never had diabetes before. Having gestational diabetes means you have a problem with high blood sugar while you are pregnant. The treatment is to control blood sugar. This can help prevent a difficult birth. It also helps keep your baby healthy. When you are pregnant, too much glucose is not good for your baby.

Reported rates of gestational diabetes range from 2 to 10% of all pregnancies. Immediately after pregnancy, 5 to 10% of women with gestational diabetes are found to have diabetes, usually type 2. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60% chance of developing diabetes in the next 10 to 20 years. Many women who have gestational diabetes get type 2 diabetes later in life. Controlling your weight gain during pregnancy may prevent type 2 diabetes in the future.

Some symptoms of gestational diabetes may include:
Most women may not have symptoms of gestational diabetes. Sometimes, symptoms of diabetes may be confused with symptoms of a normal pregnancy. Please speak with your doctor about an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to find out if you have gestational diabetes.

For a complimentary brochure about gestational diabetes, please click below: http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ehc/products/107/162/2009_0804GDM_Cons_singlpgs.pdf