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Diabetes Care

Type of Diabetes

 

Type 1 Diabetes

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, Type 1 diabetes is a lifetime condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

Why is Insulin Important?

Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Only 5 to 10% of people with diabetes have type 1. With the help of insulin therapy and education, even young children with Type 1 diabetes can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy and happy lives. [American Diabetes Association]

Some symptoms of type 1 diabetes may include:

  • Rapid weight loss without dieting
  • Feeling very thirsty, dry mouth
  • Feeling tired or weak
  • Excessive urination
  • Stomach pain, nausea/vomiting
  • Fruity breath
  • Heavy labored breathing
  • Confusion


Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a lifetime condition that affects the way your body breaks down sugar (glucose), your body's main source of fuel. With Type 2 diabetes the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't make enough insulin. Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use the sugar in the blood for energy.  Insulin takes the sugar from the blood to the cells. 

There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you can manage or even prevent the condition. Start by eating healthy foods, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. You may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy to manage your blood sugar.


Some symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:

  • Feeling very thirsty, dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss without dieting
  • Fatigue or feeling more tired than usual
  • Blurry vision
  • Dark pigmentation around neck (acanthosis nigricans)


Gestational Diabetes

What is Gestational Diabetes?

During pregnancy, some women may develop gestational diabetes.  According to the ADA, it affects about 18% of all pregnancies.  Hormones from the placenta can cause insulin resistance in the mother. This causes too much sugar in the mother’s blood which can harm the baby.  The baby can grow too large and make delivery difficult or the baby’s blood sugar can be too low at birth.  These babies are also at higher risk for breathing problems. 

Most women will not need insulin to control their blood sugars.  Exercise, following a special meal plan and daily testing of blood sugars can help keep blood sugars in a healthy range for mom and baby. 

Some symptoms of gestational diabetes may include:

Most women may not have symptoms of gestational diabetes. Sometimes, symptoms of diabetes may be confused with symptoms of a normal pregnancy. Please speak with your doctor about an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to find out if you have gestational diabetes.

For a complimentary brochure about gestational diabetes, please click below: http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/ehc/products/107/162/2009_0804GDM_Cons_singlpgs.pdf

 

 

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